水利工程是建设工程中涉及施工内容比较多的工程项目。水工建筑物的典型类型: 土石方工程、水工隧洞、岩土地基、混凝土重力坝、混凝土拱坝、土石坝、混凝土面板堆石坝、溢流坝, 此外还有电站、输水管道、道路工程、船闸工程等, 这些建筑物的施工将涉及各种复杂的施工工序, 如爆破、截流、防渗、土方运输、土方碾压、大体积混凝土施工、钢结构制作安装、超大型设备运输和安装、输电设施建设、溢洪道建设等等上海翻译公司。
Hydraulic engineering project involves many works and items among all construction projects. A hydraulic structure typically includes earthwork, hydraulic tunnel, rock-soil foundation, concrete gravity dam, concrete arch dam, earth-stone dam, concrete-slab stone-pile dam, overflow dam, power station, water supply pipeline, road work, dredging work and etc. The construction of those structures will involve many complicated execution procedures, such as explosion, flow stop, seepage prevention, transportation of earth, rolling of earth, big-bulk concrete construction, fabrication and installation of steel frame, the transportation and installation of oversize equipment, construction of power transmission facilities, construction of spillway.
水利工程: 用于控制和调配自然界的地表水和地下水, 达到除害兴利目的而修建的各类工程,统称水利工程。它包括水库发电工程、防洪保安工程、输水调水工程、农田水利工程等。
Hydraulic engineering project: refers to any of various projects constructed for the application to control and allocate the surface and underground water in nature for the purpose to eliminate disaster and play benefit, which cover the work of reservoir’s power generation, the work of flood control and security assurance, the irrigation work for farmland and others.
By object, it is classified into flood control work, the farmland irrigation work, waterpower generation work, sea-route and port work, water supply and drainage work, environmental hydro-work, tideland enclosure work, and the water integrative utilization work that serves the flood control, water supply, irrigation, and power generation at same time.